CHILIKA LAGOON, BAY OF BENGAL, ODISHA, INDIA.
FIELD SCHOOL ON ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND GOVERNANCE - "GOVERNING COASTAL COMMONS FOR RESILIENCE AND WELLBEING"
Environmental Change and Governance Group (ECGG) and School of Environment, Enterprise and
Development (SEED), University of Waterloo, Canada
in collaboration with
Rekhi Centre of Excellence for the Science of Happiness, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur and NIRMAN Odisha
- The rapid social and biophysical changes confronting coastal communities – ranging from shifting livelihood opportunities and globalization impacts to ocean acidification and sea level rise - are in many respects unprecedented. The implications for the resilience and wellbeing of coastal communities are profound, as are the threats to the commons (e.g., fisheries) upon which many coastal communities depend. We urgently need tools and methods to ensure that coastal communities are well prepared to respond and adapt to rapid environmental change, better understand the key attributes driving such changes, and craft governance arrangements that foster deliberate transformations and help to build resilience of social-ecological systems (e.g., coastal commons).
- The weeklong field school brings together a selected group of 40 graduate students, NGO professionals, fisher community leaders and government marine and coastal departmental officials to provide training on a host of concepts and approaches in the area of coastal commons, social-ecological system resilience and wellbeing. It includes a creative mix of both classroom teaching and field training right in the heart of Asia’s largest Lagoon – Chilika. Participants will gain firsthand experience and creatively engage in furthering their understanding and knowledge of coastal commons using a social-ecological systems perspective, principles and applications of resilience and wellbeing in the context of rapid change, and deliberate on novel governance approaches though which commons can be governed sustained and sustainability achieved.
Conservation of Rice Diversity & Marketing of Organic Rice for Livelihood Improvement of Smallholder Farmers
A state level workshop was organized by NIRMAN. Rice farmers, development practitioners, policy makers, rice scientists and NGOs participated and deliberated on conservation of indigenous rice varieties of Odisha and creation for its markets. There was exhibition of more than 1200 variety indigenous rice variety by farmers, NGOs and Govt. at the workshop.
- a. Identification of widely grown local varieties, for pure line selection for yield enhancement preferably under organic farming.
- b. Farmer participatory program may be widened for rejuvenation and in-situ conservation of traditional types.
- c. For achieving actual Green revolution in Eastern India, rice varieties giving higher yields under low fertilizer level and poor soil in rain-fed condition are required.
- d. At last, he recalled the call of Lal Bahadur Shastriji to leave a meal once in a week when India was importing foods. In same way, he made a request – let us use organic rice once in a week, so that we will create huge demands for organic rice and this will create a very positive stage for farmers practicing organic farming.
- 2. In the inorganic produces scenario, market and demand is scattered. The price of the goods should be of a centralized rate. Wherein, in the case of organic produce, the less input costs and yield is less so gradually the situation will change to an extent where farmer will derive the maximum share on mutual consensus. By creating a farmer-owned marketing platform where he will decide the reasonable and profitable rates for the produces. Policy advocacy is vital that need to in place to see a real progressive change.
- 3. PARTICIPANTS: Rice farmers, Development Practitioners, Policy Makers, Rice Scientists and NGOs.
- 4. VENUE: IMAGE, Bhuvaneshwar
Eastern India Convention on Millets
- 1. BHUVANESWAR DECLARATION :
- (a) States the need for localized procurement and distribution of food grains. Urges government to give due recognition to the farmers who are practicing such agriculture.
- (b) All the farmers who are practicing millet farming should be given bonuses by the state — Biodiversity Bonus, Water Conservation Bonus, Nutritional Bonus and Climate Change Compliance Bonus.
- 2. AREA OF OPERATION & TARGET BENEFICIARIES : Farmers from 18 districts of Orissa and from Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand; and was supported by the several prominent people from the development firmament of India.
- 3. NAME OF PARTICIPANTS: Prof. Radha Mohan, Shri. P.V. Satheesh of DDS, Shri. Prasant Mohanty of Nirman - Orissa, Shri. Achyut Das of Agragaamee, Shri. Jacob Nellithanam, farmer leaders, Shri. Natwar Sarangi and Agriculture scientist Dr. A.K.Padhy and Dr. Simanchal Sahoo, Jagannath Chatterjee.
- 4. VENUE: Bhubaneswar
- Eastern India Millet Convention
- Bhuvaneshwar Declaration