Conservation of Indigenous Seeds


In our first attempt for conservation of indigenous seeds, farmers in the locality received training to conserve and undertake seeds treatment and select good quality rice seed before and after harvest.  They have already conserved 39 indigenous varieties of rice, 25 varieties of Millets and pulses along with indigenous varieties of chilly, ridge gourd and several other vegetables. 

The analytical findings of the nutritional analysis of indigenous varieties of rice in Pristine Laboratories, Bangalore, which is a certified laboratory by Solvent Extractors Association of India (SEAI) and Agmark, Government of India are summarized below.

Summary of Nutrition Analysis Report

SN Test Parameters Improved Varieties Traditional Varieties
R-141 Swarna Methi Balaji Saruchinamali
Masoori Mahipal
1 Moisture 11.60% 13.04% 12.21% 12.25% 11.99%
2 Protein 8.14% 7.19% 7.27% 7.87% 7.02%
3 Fat 1.03% 0.76% 4.84% 0.82% 0.44%
4 Total ash 2.95% 0.44% 1.08% 0.57% 3.21%
5 Carbohydrate 76.28% 78.57% 74.60% 78.49% 77.34%
100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
6 Metabilezable 346.9 Kcal/ 349.88 Kcal/ 371.04 Kcal/ 352.82 Kcal/ 341.4 Kcal/
energy 100g 100g 100g 100g 100g
7 Calcium 0.82% 0.10% 0.24% 0.26% 0.92%
8 Iron 14mg/ 2.5mg/ 2.6mg/ 2.5mg/ 16mg/
100g 100g 100g 100g 100g
9 Total dietary fiber 8.79% 4.93% 10.03% 9.26% 8.07%
9.a Soluble dietary fiber 1.92% 0.12% 0.78% 0.91% 2.17%
9.b Insoluble dietary fiber 6.87% 4.81% 9.25% 8.35% 5.90%

Percentage analysis on weight basis indicates that traditional variety Methi Mahipal has lowest carbohydrate content (74.6%) and Balaji has highest carbohydrate content of 78.49%.

Protein content is highest in improved variety (R-141, 8.14%) followed by traditional variety Balaji, 7.87%.

Plant origin fat content is very good in Methi Mahipal (4.84%) and other varieties have very negligible plant origin fat.

Minerals and fibre content analysis indicates that Calcium content (in %) is highest in R-141 (improved variety) followed by Saruchinamali (traditional variety). Iron content (in mg/100g) is very good in Saruchinamali and R-141. Total dietary fibre is very good in Methi Mahipal, Balaji, Saruchinamali and R-141. Soluble dietary fibre is highest in Saruchinamali (2.17%) followed by R-141 (1.92%).