Millet Farming System
Millet based bio-diverse farming system, unlike other farming system offers ability to transform small farms towards greater productivity by increasing soil fertility and stability, optimizing water use, diversifying crops and incomes, building resilience to climate change, achieving high yields under difficult conditions and creating new local markets. Given the necessary information provision and extension services, this is an affordable low-risk strategy for smallholders. Thus, NIRMAN by intervening in millet based bio-diverse farming values and proposes redesigning agriculture in an era of climate change entails investing more resources, research and training, the provision of appropriate policy support and is working with 448 farmers in 24 villages in Tumudibandha Block of Kandhamal district of Odisha; out of which 95% farmers belong to Kutia Kondh Community; one of the Primarily Vulnerable Tribal Group.
As a result of NIRMAN’s intervention, there has been increase in number of millets and legume varieties to 25 from 13 and has increased the surplus grain at HH level; this has enabled the community to barter/exchange/make cash during lean periods; and has the yield has increased the food basket of the community for another 75 days; hence, it helps in saving the HH economy from spending upon purchasing rice from market. In the whole process, there has been a positive economical shift among the community;
NIRMAN is also a member of Millet Network of India (MINI) and works with smallholder farmers for reestablishing millets based farming system and expanding the spaces for millets community’s voice in state food & agriculture policy & program.
|Reviving Crop Biodiversity Restoring Food Sovereignty|
|Millet farming helps tribal farmers to eke out a living|
|Millets all set to stage comeback in Odisha|