Response to Cyclone Phailin
Phailin devastation in coast of Odisha has been very severe. Phailin hit Odisha coast on 12th of October 2013 at about 9.15 pm at night: the wind speed was around 210-220 kmph. There was a continuous rain since 11th of October in Odisha. 7 districts of Odisha were affected viz Ganjam, Naygarh, Gajapati, Puri, Khurda, Jagatsingpur and Kendrapada. Out of these Ganjam and parts of Nayagarh and Puri dist. were worst affected. Thousands of trees fell down and thousands of houses were collapsed due to gusty wind and rains. Road communication was blocked and electricity went off. The state and district administration were alert and evacuated lakhs of people to safer places before the cyclone hit, because of which the loss of life was limited to 38. Armed forces, NDRF, ODRAF, Navy teams were deployed to rescue to people and clear the roads. After one week, the major road communications are restored, but interior roads were blocked for long period of time. Electricity took almost more than a month to be restored in 85 % of the areas. The weather, the roads, the communication system seem to be normal. But a major chunk of people lost their house, the only source of their livelihood, the crop. Rehabilitation in terms of livelihood restoration and housing repair is the big challenge for them. The most affected district is Ganjam followed by Nayagarh. Apart from Phailin, floods also affected Northern districts of Odisha viz. Balasore, Mayurbhanj, Bhadrak and Jajpur. So far as livelihood is concerned, the entire crops have been spoiled and there has been huge loss to the farm-based livelihood, and there is a need to restore of livelihood of farmers and daily wage labour. Keeping in view of the issue, NIRMAN has started working on livelihood restoration of farmers and rural poors.